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Anti-war sex shop on Serpukhov civil rights movements. John Silas Reed was born on October 22,in his maternal grandparents' mansion in what is now the Sex shop on Serpukhov Hollow neighborhood of Portland, Oregon. His grandmother's household had Chinese servants. In a memorial bench dedicated to Reed was installed in Washington Parkwhich overlooks the site of Reed's birthplace the mansion no longer exists.
John's father, Charles Jerome Reed, was born in the East and came to Portland as the representative of an agricultural machinery manufacturer. With his ready wit, he quickly won acceptance in Portland's business community.
A sickly child, young Jack grew up surrounded by nurses and servants. His mother carefully selected his upper-class playmates.
He had a brother, Harry, who was two years younger. His father, who did not attend college, wanted his sons to go to Harvard. Reed failed his first attempt at Harvard College's admission exam but passed on his second try, and enrolled in the fall of He was a member of the cheerleading team, the swimming team, and the dramatic club, served on sex shop on Serpukhov editorial boards of the Lampoon and The Harvard Monthly sex shop on Serpukhov, and was president of the Harvard Glee Club.
In he held a position in the Hasty Pudding Theatricalsand also wrote music and lyrics for their show Diana's Debut. Reed failed to make the football and crew teams, but excelled in swimming and water polo.
Reed attended meetings of the Socialist Clubover which his friend Walter Lippmann presided, but sex shop on Serpukhov joined.
The group introduced legislation into the state legislature, attacked the university for failing to sex shop on Serpukhov its servants living wages, and petitioned the administration to establish a course on socialism. All this made no ostensible difference in the look of Harvard society, and probably the club-men and the athletes, who represented us to the world, never even heard of it. But it made me, and many others, realize that there was something going on in the dull outside world sex shop on Serpukhov thrilling than college activities, and turned our attention to the writings of men like H.
Wells and Graham Wallaswrenching us away from the Oscar Wildian dilettantism which had possessed undergraduate litterateurs for generations. Reed graduated from Harvard College in That summer he set out to see more of the "dull outside world," visiting England, France, and Spain before returning home to America the following spring.
His travels were encouraged by his favorite professor, Charles Townsend Copeland "Copey"who told him he must "see life" if he wanted to successfully write about it. Reed had determined to become a journalist, and set out to make his mark in New York, a center of the industry. Reed made use of a sex shop on Serpukhov contact from Harvard, Lincoln Steffenswho was establishing a sex shop on Serpukhov as a muckraker.
He appreciated Sex shop on Serpukhov skills and intellect at an early date. Steffens landed his young admirer an entry-level position on The American Magazinewhere he read manuscripts, corrected proofs, and later helped with the composition. Reed supplemented his salary by taking an additional job as the business manager of a new short-lived quarterly magazine called Landscape Architecture.
Reed made his home in Greenwich Villagea burgeoning hub of poets, writers, activists, and artists. He came to love New York, relentlessly exploring it and writing poems about it. His formal jobs on the magazines paid the rent, but it was as a freelance journalist that Reed sought to establish himself.
He collected sex shop on Serpukhov slips, circulating an essay and short stories about his six months in Europe, eventually breaking through in The Saturday Evening Post.
One of his poems was set to music by composer Arthur Foote. The editors at The American came to see him as a contributor and sex shop on Serpukhov to publish his work. Reed's serious interest in social problems was first aroused about this time by Steffens and Ida Tarbell. He moved beyond them to a more radical political position than theirs.
In he joined the staff of The Massesedited by Max Eastman. Reed contributed more than 50 articles, reviews, and shorter pieces to this socialist publication. The first of Reed's many arrests came in Paterson, New Jerseyinfor attempting to speak on behalf of strikers in the New Jersey silk mills.
The harsh treatment meted out by the authorities to the strikers and the short jail term he served further radicalized Reed. He allied with the general socialist union sex shop on Serpukhov Industrial Workers sex shop on Serpukhov the World. Reed's reporting on the Villistas in a series of outstanding magazine articles gained him a national reputation as a war correspondent.
Reed deeply sympathized with the peons and vehemently opposed American intervention. Reed's reports were collected and published as the book Insurgent Mexico On April 30,Reed arrived in Coloradoscene of the recent Ludlow massacrea result of owners' suppression of labor organizing. There he spent a little more than a week, during which he investigated the events, spoke on behalf of the miners, and wrote an impassioned article on the subject "The Colorado War", published in July.
He came to believe much more deeply in class conflict. Reed spent summer in Provincetown, Massachusetts with Mabel Dodge and her son, putting together Insurgent Mexico and interviewing President Wilson on the subject.
The resulting report, much watered down at White House insistence, was not a success. On August 14,shortly after Germany declared war on France, Reed set sex shop on Serpukhov for neutral Italy, on assignment for the Metropolitan. He met his lover Mabel Dodge in Naplesand the pair made their way to Paris. Reed believed the war was the result of imperialist commercial rivalries and felt little sympathy for any of the parties.
The real War, of which this sudden outburst of death and destruction is only an incident, began long ago. It has been raging for tens of years, but its battles have been so little advertised that they have been hardly noted.
It is a clash of Traders What has democracy to do in alliance with Nicholasthe Tsar? Is it Liberalism which is marching from the Petersburg of Father Gaponfrom the Odessa of the pogroms? We, who are Socialists, must hope—we may even expect—that out of this horror of bloodshed and dire destruction will come far-reaching social changes—and a long step forward towards our goal of Peace among Men.
But we must not be duped by this editorial buncombe about Liberalism going forth to Holy War against Tyranny. This is not Our War.
In France, Reed was frustrated by wartime censorship and the difficulty of reaching the front. The rest of he spent drinking with French prostitutes and pursuing an affair with sex shop on Serpukhov German woman. While there, Reed interviewed Karl Liebknechtone of the few socialists in Germany to vote against war credits.
Reed was deeply disappointed by the general collapse in working-class solidarity promised by the Second Internationaland by its replacement with militarism and nationalism. He returned to New York in December and wrote more about the war. In he traveled to Central Europe, accompanied by Boardman Robinsonsex shop on Serpukhov Canadian artist and frequent Masses contributor. Traveling from Thessalonikithey saw scenes of profound devastation in Serbia including a bombed-out Belgradealso going through Bulgaria and Romania.
They passed through the Jewish Pale of Settlement in Bessarabia. At risk of being shot for espionage, they were saved by the American ambassador. Traveling to Russia, Reed was outraged to learn that the American ambassador in Petrograd was inclined to believe they were spies.
Reed and Robinson were rearrested when they tried to slip into Romania. This time the British ambassador Robinson being a British sex shop on Serpukhov finally secured permission for them to leave, but not until after all their papers were seized in Kiev. In Bucharestthe duo spent time piecing together more of their journey. At one point Reed traveled to Constantinople in hopes of seeing action at Gallipoli.
After returning to New York, Reed visited his mother in Portland. There he met and fell in love with Louise Bryantwho joined him on the East coast in January Though sex shop on Serpukhov, both also had affairs with others, in accordance with their bohemian circle and ideas about sexual liberation. Early in Reed met the young playwright Eugene O'Neill.
Beginning that May, the three rented a cottage in Provincetown, Massachusettsa summer destination on Cape Cod for many artists and writers from Sex shop on Serpukhov Village. Not long after, Bryant and O'Neill began a romance. That summer Reed covered the Presidential nominating conventions. He endorsed Woodrow Wilsonbelieving that he would make good on his promise to keep America out of the war.
The same year, he underwent an operation at Johns Hopkins Hospital to remove a kidney. He was hospitalized until mid-December. During he privately published Tamburlaine and Other Versesin an edition of copies. As the country raced towards war, Reed was marginalized: his relationship with the Metropolitan was over. He pawned his late father's watch and sold his Cape Cod cottage to the birth control activist and sex educator Margaret Sanger.
When Wilson asked for a declaration of war on April 2,Reed shouted at a hastily convened meeting of the People's Council in Washington : "This is not my war, and I will not support it.
This is not my war, and I will have nothing to do with it. Due to antiwar articles by Reed and Randolph Bournethe arts magazine lost its financial backing and ceased publication. On August 17,Reed and Bryant set sail from New York to Europe, having first provided the State Department with legally sworn assurances that neither would represent the Socialist Party at a forthcoming conference in Stockholm.
Traveling by way of Finlandthe pair arrived in the capital city of Petrograd immediately after the failed military coup of monarchist General Lavr Kornilov. This was an attempt to topple the Provisional Government of Alexander Kerensky by force of arms. Reed sex shop on Serpukhov Bryant found the Russian economy in shambles. Several of the subject nations of the old empire, such as Finland and Ukrainehad gained autonomy and were seeking separate military accommodations with Germany.
Reed and Bryant were in Petrograd for the October Revolutionin which the Bolsheviksheaded by Vladimir Lenintoppled the Kerensky government; the Bolsheviks believed this was the first blow of a worldwide socialist revolution. Sex shop on Serpukhov shortages made the situation dire in the capital, and social disorder reigned.
Reed later recalled:. The last month of the Kerensky regime was marked first by the falling off of the bread supply from 2 pounds a day to 1 pound, to half a pound, to a quarter of a pound, and, the final week, no bread at all. Holdups and crime increased to such an extent that you could hardly walk down the streets.